7. Elizabeth Haldane

Elizabeth Haldane was born in Edinburgh in 1862 into a distinguished family, and went on to be privately educated by a succession of tutors.

Her career was varied and started at the age of 21, when she became convener of the Housing Committee of the Edinburgh Social Union.

In the 1880s she went into nursing, eventually becoming manager of Edinburgh Royal Infirmary in 1901. Following this, she was involved in establishing the Voluntary Aid Detachment (VAD), and eventually became deputy president of the British Red Cross Society in Perth.

As a social reformer, Elizabeth became the first woman to be appointed Justice of the Peace in Scotland after Parliament passed the act allowing women to serve in the courts; for this, and many other achievements, she was made a Companion of Honour in 1918.

As well as writing acclaimed biographies, Elizabeth translated the works of prominent philosophers and, on settling in Auchterarder, founded the Auchterarder Institute and Library.