3. Goddess Cailleach

In Celtic myth, Cailleach, the powerful goddess, was said to have created the great Scottish landscapes, riding treacherous storms and commanding thunder with her hammer, as she shaped both hills and valleys.

The word Cailleach from the Gaelic means ‘old woman’ and in Scotland she was thought to be the mother of all the goddesses and gods.

She had many names; as Beira, Queen of Winter, she was feared by farmers for the great power she held over the weather, but
she was also known as the Grandmother of the Clans and the Great Blue Old Woman of the Highlands.

In other Scottish traditions she comes alive at Samhain, the beginning of winter, and transforms into the goddess Brigid at Beltane.

Cailleach was a protector of all animals, especially wolves, and is usually pictured with a magic staff in hand and a wolf by her side. In some stories, she was a shapeshifter who could turn into a giant bird.